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Victories and defeats
A gay and lesbian chronology 1964-1982
- January / Winnipeg
- First issue of After Stonewall: A Critical Journal of Gay Liberation published.
[Continued into the early 1980s.]
- January / Toronto
- Lesbian Organization of Toronto moves to new centre at 342 Jarvis Street, sharing with feminist publication The Other Woman and coffeehouse called Three of Cups.
[Becki Ross (see Nov 7, 1976) says the "official" move was made Feb 1, 1977.]
- January / Toronto
- First issue of Directions: For Gay Men published.
[Ceased publication after 1977.]
- January 7 / Ottawa
- CBC releases public policy on public service announcements: nothing controversial, and gay is controversial.
- January 28 / Ottawa
- Charges dismissed against 16 of 22 men arrested as found-ins in Club Ottawa.
[See May 22, 1976.]
- February 17 / Halifax
- First public gay demonstration in Atlantic Canada. Part of nationally coordinated protest against CBC Radio's refusal to air gay public service announcements.
[First nationally organized gay protest in Canada, with demonstrations Feb 19 in Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Winnipeg, and Vancouver.]
- March 14 / Windsor
- Third Canadian city council to pass resolution banning discrimination against homosexual city employees.
- Spring / Toronto
- Feminist newspaper The Other Woman folds.
- April 2 / Argentia, Newfoundland
- Master Corporal Gloria Cameron and eight other women are dismissed from the Canadian Armed Forces because they are lesbian.
[Cameron launched an appeal and went public with her story. The appeal was rejected Jul 2, 1977. See an interview with her in The Body Politic, Sep 1977.]
- April 28 / Toronto
- MPP Margaret Campbell's private member's bill, to include sexual orientation in Ontario Human Rights Code, introduced April 4, fails in legislature.
- May 7 / Winnipeg
- Ten groups attend first Manitoba Gay Conference and form the Manitoba Gay Coalition.
- May 9 / Ottawa
- Private Barbara Thornborrow confronted by officials in Canadian Armed Forces about her lesbianism. Decides to go public and fight before she is fired.
- May 21 / Toronto
- Largest CGRO demonstration in Ontario to date converges on Queen's Park with civil rights demands.
- June 2 / Ottawa
- Parliament passes Canadian Human Rights Act governing employment by federal government, but homosexuals are not protected.
- June 7 / Dade County, Florida
- Referendum, forced by pressure from fundamentalist Christians Anita Bryant, husband Bob Green and their "Save Our Children" organization, repeals county ordinance prohibiting discrimination on basis of sexual orientation. First major battle -- and defeat -- in struggle for gay civil rights in United States. First successful use of "child molestation tactic" by anti- gay forces which sets pattern of attack for remainder of Seventies and into Eighties.
- June 10 / Vancouver
- BC Court of Appeal reverses BC Supreme Court ruling favouring Gay Tide in complaint against Vancouver Sun classified ad refusal, by saying Sun had "reasonable cause" not to print ad.
- June 20 / Ottawa
- Private Barbara Thornborrow given notice of discharge by Canadian Armed Forces as a "sexual deviate" who is "not advantageously employable."
- June 25 / Toronto
- Newly formed Coalition to Stop Anita Bryant organizes demonstration. First of several coalitions and public actions across Canada reacting to Bryant's anti-gay crusade.
- June 29 / Ottawa
- Gallup Poll shows that 52 percent of Canadians believe gay people should be protected against discrimination under new Canadian Human Rights Act.
- June 29 - July 5 / Saskatoon
- Fifth Annual National Gay Rights Conference sponsored by Saskatoon Gay Community Centre.
- Summer / Toronto
- Formation of Women's Archives.
[Material now held in the Canadian Women's Liberation Movement Archives Collection, Morisset Library, University of Ottawa.]
- July 21 / Toronto
- Ontario Human Rights Code Review Committee releases report Life Together, calling for major changes in code and commission, including strong support for inclusion of sexual orientation.
- July 22 / Toronto
- Second march organized by the Coalition Against [sic; to Stop] Anita Bryant.
- August 1 / Toronto
- Emanuel Jaques, 12-year-old shoeshine boy, found sexually assaulted and murdered on roof of Yonge Street body-rub parlour. Four men later charged with murder. Begins huge media and public outcry which becomes focused on entire gay community.
- August 4 / Toronto
- Jaques buried. Large demonstration at city hall calls for return of capital punishment, more police power and elimination of gay people.
- August 9 / Toronto
- Gay community leaders hold press conference to deplore press coverage of Jaques murder which implicates entire gay community.
- October / Quebec
- Association pour les droits de la communauté gaie du Québec (ADGQ) presents brief The Homosexual Minority in Quebec and the Human Rights Charter to National Assembly.
- October 8-10 / Halifax
- First Atlantic Canada Gay Conference of groups in eastern provinces.
- October 15-16 / Montreal
- First National Congress of Quebec Gays meets.
- October 17 / Ottawa
- GATE-Vancouver's Gay Tide case heard before the Supreme Court of Canada. First time a gay civil rights case heard by Supreme Court.
- October 21-22 / Toronto, Halifax, Edmonton, Ottawa, Windsor, Vancouver
- Damien Days of Protest. Rallies across Canada protesting job discrimination with focus on John Damien case.
- October 22 / Montreal
- Police raid gay bar Truxx, charge 146 men with being found-ins in common bawdyhouse. Largest mass arrest since War Measures Act.
[Raided simulataneously was Le Mystique, another bar on Stanley Street. Issue 39 of The Body Politic, released Nov 21, reported that "More than fifty uniformed and plainclothes police from the divisional morality, mobile and technical squads carried off the raid" in the early morning hours of Oct 22. "The heavily armed members of the technical squad entered with bullet-proof vests and at least two machine guns." The 146 men arrested were held for up to 15 hours at police headquarters "while 'compulsory' VD tests were administered." Similar tests were ordered on 22 men charged as found-ins at Montreal's Dominion Square Tavern, Oct 21, 1978 -- almost a year to the day after the Truxx raid.
[The War Measures Act had been imposed during the October Crisis of 1970 to deal with what the government called an "apprehended insurrection," after the kidnapping of a British diplomat and a Quebec cabinet minister, and the latter's subsequent murder, by the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ). The Act suspended the right of habeus corpus; 465 people had been arrested and held without charge.]
- October 23 / Montreal
- Two thousand people demonstrate in downtown streets to protest raid on Truxx bar.
[Police attacked the demo with motorcycles and billy-clubs and made further arrests.]
- October 27 / Montreal
- Meeting between Quebec Human Rights Commission and representatives of ADGQ results in public recommendation that government amend Human Rights Charter to include sexual orientation.
- October 31 / Toronto
- Halloween brings usual crowd of queer-bashers to Yonge Street looking for drag parade. Gay representatives meet with police beforehand to try to prevent crowd from gathering. Operation Jack-o'-Lantern, a gay street patrol, organize to monitor situation. Police do little to control crowd.
- November 21 / Toronto
- Issue 39 of The Body Politic containing article "Men loving boys loving men" goes on sale.
- December 15 / Quebec
- National Assembly, in quiet late-night session, amends Quebec Charter of Human Rights to include sexual orientation. Becomes first province and largest political jurisdiction in North America to provide legal protection for homosexuals.
- December 22-27 / Toronto
- Series of articles and columns by Claire Hoy in Toronto Sun deplores "Men loving boys loving men" article in The Body Politic, calls on [sic; for] Ontario Arts Council grant ($1,500) to be returned and urges police to lay charges.
- December 30 / Toronto
- Members of Operation P, joint Toronto-provincial pornography squad, raid offices of The Body Politic, stay over three hours and seize twelve packing crates of material, including subscription lists.
[For more on the long legal battles that began with this raid, see chronologies in two websites on the 1995-1996 Gerald Hannon "Kid-sex hooker prof" affair, now archived here: The Trials of The Body Politic, a draft document also including entries for other events of the period (late 1977 to early 1985); and the first part of Gerald Hannon: A chronology of events, offering more details on the "Men Loving Boys Loving Men" case.]
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